Kritik epistemologi Islam dalam Islamologi terapan

Anshori, Isa (2015) Kritik epistemologi Islam dalam Islamologi terapan. Jurnal Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam, 5 (1). pp. 137-138. ISSN 2088-7957; 2442-871X

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Abstract

This article discusses the critique of Islamic epistemology within applied Islamology. The writer concludes that Islamic epistemology is an episteme which has been originally derived from Islamic doctrines. It can be obtained through a number of methods. The first method is a revelation, which has absolute truth. The second way is the reason, which becomes a potency blessed by God to all humankind. Through impressions attained by the five senses, the reason uses them as a source of contemplation to draw conclusions. This episteme contains, however, a relative truth. The third method is kashfî. This episteme is also named as ‘irfanî episteme, which had successfully grown within Sufism tradition where the source of knowledge is experienced, namely al-ru’yat al-mubâshirah (direct experience). The last-mentioned episteme is founded on the dichotomy between exoteric and esoteric aspects where the hierarchy of esoteric knowledge is higher than the exoteric ones as the first possesses a divine basis. The critique of Islamic epistemology within applied Islamology is oriented towards the domination of scientific epistemology or modern epistemology, which recognizes positivism or scientific knowledge as the sole method employed by modern people to gain knowledge. The fundamental difference between the scientific-rational episteme and the Islamic episteme rests within each worldview.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
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Anshori, Isa
i.anshori@yahoo.com
0704067302
Uncontrolled Keywords: Critique of Islamic epistemology; applied Islamology; revelation; reasoning; irfani
Subjects: 22 PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES > 2203 Philosophy > 220315 Philosophy of Religion
22 PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES > 2204 Religion and Religious Studies > 220403 Islamic Studies
22 PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES > 2204 Religion and Religious Studies > 220405 Religion and Society
Divisions: Karya Ilmiah > Artikel
Depositing User: Aris Hamidah
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2021 05:07
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2021 15:02
URI: http://repository.uinsby.ac.id/id/eprint/712

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