Metodologi Hukum Islam Abd al Halim Mahmud

Ghozali, M. Lathoif (2014) Metodologi Hukum Islam Abd al Halim Mahmud. ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman, 9 (1). pp. 136-160. ISSN ISSN (Print): 1978-3183; ISSN (Online): 2356-2218

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This article discusses the concept of ijtihad (legal reasoning) and the typology of legal thought of Abd al- al-Halim Mahmud . According to Mahmud, ijtihad is devoting all abilities of a mujtahid to arrive at the essence and substance of a problem intended by the Prophet Muhammad. This definition is supported by the division of ijtihad into two: ijtihad istinbati, the object of which is the texts of the Qur’an or the Sunnah, and ijtihad tatbiqi, the object of which is legal problems of the time. Mahmud maintains that a mujtahid should meet certain qualifications such as the abilities of understanding Arabic language, memorizing the Qur’an, understanding asbab al-nuzul (causes of revelation), memorizing the Traditions of the Prophet related to legal matters, and the brilliance in making legal reasoning and conclusions. Mahmud belongs to moderate group that agrees with the formalization of private laws, while public laws in his view serve only as materials for national laws. Mahmud also gives an emphasis on the integration between nass (text) and maqasid al-shari’ah (the objectives of law).

Item Type: Article
Ghozali, M. Lathoif
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ijtihad; Istinbat; Tatbiq
Subjects: 22 PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES > 2204 Religion and Religious Studies > 220403 Islamic Studies
Divisions: Karya Ilmiah > Artikel
Depositing User: Nurul Hidayah
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2021 11:00
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2021 16:31

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