The double-edged sword of Islamic reform: Muhammadiyah and the dilemma of 'tajdid' within Indonesian Islam

Hilmy, Masdar (2014) The double-edged sword of Islamic reform: Muhammadiyah and the dilemma of 'tajdid' within Indonesian Islam. RIMA: Review of Indonesian and Malaysian Affairs, 48 (1). pp. 183-206. ISSN 0815-7251

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Abstract

This paper seeks to analyse how Muhammadiyah, a modernist Muslim organisation in Indonesia, is facing a dilemma in its vision of reform. 'Tajdid', Muhammadiyah's key intellectual concept of reform, implies two visions: progressivism and conservatism. On the one hand, Muhammadiyah uses 'tajdid' as a means of modernising society by maximising the use of rationalism in order to achieve progress. The slogan, 'directly return to the Qur'an and Sunnah', can be used to criticise the stagnant condition of Muslims in the country, especially during the early stages of its development, due to their reliance on classical texts, rather than the Qur'an and Sunnah, in intellectual activities. On the other hand, this slogan risks exposure to conservatism. The purificationist vision contained in the slogan can lead to a regressive interpretation of Islam. It is Muhammadiyah's engagement with social movements and civil society that prevents it supporting the ideology of radical Islamism.

Item Type: Article
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Hilmy, Masdar
masdar.hilmy@gmail.com
2002037101
Uncontrolled Keywords: Double-edged sword; Islamic reform; Muhammadiyah; tajdid
Subjects: 22 PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES > 2204 Religion and Religious Studies > 220402 Comparative Religious Studies
22 PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES > 2204 Religion and Religious Studies > 220405 Religion and Society
Divisions: Pascasarjana > Prodi Pendidikan Agama Islam (DPAI)
Depositing User: Samidah Nurmayuni
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2021 09:10
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2021 09:10
URI: http://repository.uinsby.ac.id/id/eprint/198

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